Achieving your dream and become a certified public accountant CPA in Iowa is certainly possible if you study and work hard. As with all states, Iowa’s policy and requirements for becoming a CPA begin with continuing education. To become a CPA you will also need to take and pass the state board of accountancy CPA exam mandated by the board of accountancy. Keep reading for an overview of how to get through the process to become a certified public accountant in Iowa.
Iowa’s State Board of Accountancy requires every certified public accountant to have a minimum of a Bachelor of Science and at least 150 credit hours of college credit as a student to learn everything they can about the industry before becoming a CPA. It is crucial that your degree or accounting program has the proper accreditation. United States schools must have accreditation from the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business or the Higher Learning Commission. If your degree came from a foreign school, it requires validation from the National State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) International Evaluation Services or the Foreign Academic Credential Services, Inc. (FACS). Certification from either of these will determine whether you can sit for the CPA certification Exam.
CPA candidates have several options when it comes to the required 150 credit hours of college credit. The first is obtaining a full graduate degree in accounting from an accredited program. The second option allows CPA candidates who have earned a graduate business degree from an accredited program that includes at least 24 credit hours in accounting to sign up in order to take the CPA exam. This degree must include the following individual subjects:
- Financial accounting
- Management accounting.
Students cannot claim internships or work experience hours at a firm or office to help them meet the CPA requirements.
The third option involves receiving an undergraduate accounting or business degree from an accredited school program, including the same 24 credit hours in the same subjects as the second option.
The fourth option will require students to earn a minimum of a bachelor’s degree with the same 24 credit hours and subjects as options two and three, along with 24 credit hours of courses including:
- Business law
A degree from a community or two-year college does count for semester credits, but commercial CPA review courses do not. Online, CPA and College Level Examination Program (CLEP) courses will count, as long as the schools are accredited, so make sure to check for accreditation and request a transfer to an accredited institution if necessary.
To become a certified public accountant CPA, the national association of state boards requires that CPA candidates pass an ethics exam covering the code of ethical conduct.
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How to Sit for the Exam in Iowa
Four Iowa cities host the Uniform CPA Exam. They are:
- Sioux City
- West Des Moines
You will receive instructions for scheduling your test via the Notice to Schedule (NTS), which is delivered in the format you choose: Email, regular mail, or fax. The NTS allows you to schedule one testing session within six months. Iowa uses Prometric for CPA exam scheduling, so you can call them for answers to questions and to schedule your test at the site for one of the four current locations. Now it’s just a question of studying hard and showing up at the correct date and time to take the examination, as well as sending in the pertinent info with your application such as age, residency, and transcripts report. Even applying isn't free, so make sure you are prepared to pay all associated fees.
The four sections
Each section of the test takes four hours, for a total of 16 hours of examination time. The four sections consist of:
- Auditing and Attestation
- Financial Accounting and Reporting
- Business Environment and Concepts
Recent modifications to the Uniform CPA Exam have weighted scores more toward the regulation and business, environment, and concepts sections than previously. These modifications added an additional two hours to the overall exam time. The exam will be taken on a computer at the testing center and you will not be able to take anything in with you according to current testing security policies, so study and plan accordingly.
Time to pass the Uniform CPA exam
Candidates have 18 months in which to pass all four sections of the CPA certification Examination. Each section may be taken at a different time, as long as it falls within the 18-month period. You will lose credit for any part of the exam passed outside that strict time limit. The passing grade for each section of the CPA certification is a minimum of 75 percent.
You can find your results online at NASBA or have them mailed to you within the U.S.
To prepare for the CPA certification exam, you can participate in available online tutorials and sample tests hosted by cpa-exam.org. You must know how to access professional standards for various part of the exam, so visit the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) website at aicpa.org for information pertaining to their association standards. You may also find useful information for exam preparation at the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) website at fasb.org.
Once you pass the Uniform CPA exam, you are on your way to becoming a CPA. Now you are ready for the next phase: gaining real, practical experience. Your work experience in private or public accounting, governmental or academic accounting will be supervised by a licensed certified public accountant for a period of up to three years. Experience requirements include:
- A minimum of 12 months working full-or-part-time. The months do not have to be consecutive. The maximum amount of time allotted is three years.
- 2,000 hour minimum of practical accounting experience
- Service in one or more of the following accounting skills: Tax, consulting, financial, advisory, management, attestation, and accounting technology.
- For experience in academia, must teach at least 24 credit hours of higher education accounting courses.
For those CPA candidates wanting to qualify for attestation, a minimum of two years, consisting of one year of general accounting experience and one year of attestation, is necessary.
You must practice and obtain the following competencies during your experience phase:
- Management advisory function knowledge
- Accounting information systems understanding
- Financial statements compilation and review
- Financial statement and budget preparation
- Budgeting, cost analysis, asset management and taxation
- Forecast and projections of standards and procedures.
Supervising CPA verifications
Your supervising certified public accountant must verify your experience by completing the Verification of Experience form submitted with your license application and completing the Attest Qualification form if that is what you wish to pursue becoming a CPA. The supervising CPA also must verify that a candidate has fulfilled the competencies needed by the Iowa Accounting Examining Board (IAEB).
How to Get Your License in Iowa
Before getting your license, and preferably prior to gaining your practical experience, you must take the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct Self-Study Course. To apply for your license, you must obtain a score of 90 or above.
You can download the Initial Application for Licensure online. Submit the signed Verification of Experience form, and the Attestation Qualification form, if applicable. Include the application fee with your mailing, which is currently $100 for registration and an additional $100 if you are seeking attestation qualification. All fees are payable to the IAEB. Send the completed packet to:
Iowa Accountancy Examining Board
200 E. Grand
Des Moines, IA 50309
Note: If you are already licensed as a certified public accountant in another state, you may receive licensing in Iowa via state reciprocity. However, if you are licensed in a foreign country as a chartered accountant, you must follow pass the Uniform CPA Examination. There are exceptions. Chartered accountants from Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Ireland must pass the International Qualifications Examination and pass the AICPA’s Professional Conduct and Ethics Course with a grade of at least 90 percent. You must also satisfy Iowa’s Continuing Professional Education requirements and submit verification of your license from your country’s accounting institute.
Continuing Professional Education Requirements
The amount of annual Continuing Professional Education (CPE) requirements you’ll need in Iowa depends on how recently you received your license. You do not need CPE for the first year in which you receive your license.
You will need 40 CPE hours by December 31 of the second year in which you have your license, and 80 CPE hours in the third year, which actually runs from December 31 to July 1 approximately 18 months later. After the third year, you must earn 120 CPE hours every three years for license maintenance.
General CPA continuing education requirements
Once you are past the third-year mark for CPE requirements, you cannot earn more than 24 CPE hours of the 120 hours in non-technical subjects. Such subjects include:
- Memory building
- Behavior and motivation
- Public relations
- Speed reading
- Personal development
- Practice development.
Every three years, you must spend earn 4 CPE hours in rules of professional conduct and ethics. The remaining CPE hours are spent on the following areas:
- Specialized knowledge.
It is important to enroll in various CPE programs and take advantage of distance learning, employer-offered programs, professional examination completion, webinars, educational organization meetings and meetings of state and national associations featuring technical sessions. You can receive some credit toward your total CPE hours by publishing books and articles or acting as an instructor or speaker. If you are taking accredited courses at a college or university, each semester hour is equivalent to 15 CPE hours. However, if the course at the college or university is not for credit, the value of each semester hour is just one CPE hour.
Keep all of your CPE-related records for at least three years. That includes not only your number of hours and fields of study, but the dates you attended, your completion certificate, course location, content and sponsor and how your instruction was delivered. You will also need to keep the name of your instructors on file. Make sure the program’s representative verifies all of your CPE hours.
Accountant Career Concentrations & Salaries in Iowa
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Iowa accountants are doing quite well these days. The University of Iowa boasts that their 2016 accounting graduates landed starting salaries averaging $55,000 and that 99% of their graduates either found employment or were enrolled in graduate school. When you look at specific cities, you find that salaries vary. Entry-level accountants in Des Moines, for instance, start with an average salary of $68,750 and then rise to $87,750 in five years. Forensic accountants in the same city earn between $71,500 to $111,500 per year. With your CPA license, you can rise to the level of CFO and earn anywhere from $155,000 to $275,000 before you collect a bonus. All in all, Iowa is a great state for accountancy.
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Iowa Accounting Frequently Asked Questions
Do Iowa colleges and universities offer an online accounting degree?
Yes, you can certainly study accounting online in Iowa. When you choose a state college or university for your online accounting degree, your tuition charges are sure to be as low as possible. However, if you find a private or out-of-state online accounting program, they are often more affordable than traditional courses.
What sort of degree do I need to sit for the CPA exam in Iowa?
To sit for the CPA examination in Iowa, you will need to have completed a bachelor's degree or be within 120 days of completing that degree. Your transcripts should reflect at least 24 semester hours in accounting, not including any intro-level courses. You will also need at least one year of experience before you receive your certified public accountant license.
How much do accountants and others in this field earn?
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, accountants and auditors in Iowa earn an average annual salary of $70,000. Others in the field who work under job titles such as accountant, bookkeeper, or auditing clerk earn an average annual salary that is a little more than $40,000.
How many accounting professionals are there in Iowa?
The BLS tracks two sets of accounting professionals. The first group are accountants and auditors, who number 10,000 in the state of Iowa. On the other hand, bookkeepers, audit clerks, and accountants are considered a separate employment sector and they number just over 19,000. Thus, there is lots of opportunity for accounting majors in Iowa.